1960 - 1970
When recalling the fight for desegregation and equality most focus on the civil rights movement of the 1960s with good reason. Many major events took place during the civil rights movement of the 1960s. Dr. Marin Luther King Jr. became the youngest Nobel Peace Prize winner and only the second African American to receive the award. He was later assassinated. Revisit this and more
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. wins the Nobel Peace Prize for civil rights activism.
At age 35, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. The second black American to receive the award, it was presented to him at the pinnacle of the Civil Rights Movement for his nonviolent efforts to end racial segregation and discrimination. To further these efforts, he donated the $53,123 of prize money to the Movement. Inspiring the country, indeed the world, to look beyond skin color and into the soul to judge a man, Dr. King gave the nation a dream which continues to inspire to this day.
April 4, 1968
Dr. King is killed by an assassin in Memphis, TN. His final resting place is in Atlanta.
After reflecting on his own mortality in what was to be his final sermon, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated on April 4, in Memphis, TN. He had come to Memphis in support of 1,300 striking African-American sanitation workers. Shot on the balcony of his motel, the sniper bullet ripped through King's right jaw, severed his spinal cord, and lodged into his shoulder. An hour later, at 7:05 p.m., Dr. King was pronounced dead at 39 years old. James Earl Ray confessed to be the gunman, only to recant his admission days later in jail, wailing that conspiracy killed King. Many, including King's own family, believe Ray to be innocent. Thousands viewed Dr. King's body at Spelman College on April 7. His eulogy was given on April 9 at Ebenezer Baptist Church. Afterwards, over 300,000 mourners marched through Atlanta beside King's mule-drawn coffin to his grave in South View Cemetery. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. now rests beside his wife in an inscribed, marble sarcophagus at the King Center for Nonviolent Social Change, across the street from Ebenezer Baptist Church.
Tour the MLK National Historic Site by GPS and enjoy history at your own pace.
Vicki L. Crawford, director of the Morehouse College Martin Luther King Jr. Collection, discusses the annual observances of the Martin Luther King Jr. Holiday and Black History Month